|1955–56 NBA season|
|League||National Basketball Association|
|Season MVP||Bob Pettit (St. Louis)|
|Top scorer||Bob Pettit (St. Louis)|
|Eastern champions||Philadelphia Warriors|
|Eastern runners-up||Syracuse Nationals|
|Western champions||Ft. Wayne Pistons|
|Western runners-up||St. Louis Hawks|
|Finals champions||Philadelphia Warriors|
|Runners-up||Ft. Wayne Pistons|
The 1955–56 NBA season was the 10th season of the National Basketball Association. The season ended with the Philadelphia Warriors winning the NBA Championship, beating the Fort Wayne Pistons 4 games to 1 in the NBA Finals.
- The Hawks relocate from Milwaukee, Wisconsin to St. Louis, Missouri.
- The NBA hands out a Most Valuable Player award for the first time, naming Bob Pettit of the St. Louis Hawks.
- The 1956 NBA All-Star Game was played in Rochester, New York, with the West beating the East 108–94. Bob Pettit wins the game's MVP award.
|Philadelphia Warriors C||45||27||.625||-|
|New York Knicks||35||37||.486||10|
|Fort Wayne Pistons||37||35||.514||-|
|St. Louis Hawks||33||39||.458||4|
C - NBA Champions
|Points||Bob Pettit||St. Louis Hawks||1,849|
|Rebounds||Bob Pettit||St. Louis Hawks||1,164|
|Assists||Bob Cousy||Boston Celtics||642|
|FG%||Neil Johnston||Philadelphia Warriors||45.7|
|FT%||Bill Sharman||Boston Celtics||86.7|
Note: Prior to the 1969–70 season, league leaders in points, rebounds, and assists were determined by totals rather than averages.
- Most Valuable Player: Bob Pettit, St. Louis Hawks
- Rookie of the Year: Maurice Stokes, Rochester Royals
- All-NBA First Team:
- All-NBA Second Team:
Note: All information on this page were obtained on the History section on NBA.com