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The International Basketball Federation, more commonly known as FIBA, from its French name Fédération Internationale de Basket-ball, is an association of national organizations which governs international competition in basketball. Originally known as the Fédération Internationale de Basket-ball Amateur (hence FIBA), in 1989 it dropped the word Amateur from its official name but retained the initialism; the "BA" now represents the first two letters of basketball.

FIBA defines the international rules of basketball, specifies the equipment and facilities required, regulates the transfer of athletes across countries, and controls the appointment of international referees. A total of 213 national federations are now members, organized since 1989 into five zones or "commissions": Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe, and Oceania. Each zone holds men's and women's championships for its senior national teams except Oceania; since 2017, Asian and Oceanian teams compete for a single championship. The men's championships are held every four years, while the women's championships are every two years.

The FIBA Basketball World Cup is a world tournament for men's national teams held every four years. Teams compete for the Naismith Trophy, named in honor of basketball's creator James Naismith. The tournament structure is similar but not identical to that of the FIFA World Cup in football; these tournaments occurred in the same year from 1970 to 2014, but since 2019, the Basketball World Cup has been held in the year following the FIFA World Cup. A parallel event for women's teams, the FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, is also held every four years. When FIBA changed the scheduling of the men's World Cup, it kept the women's version on its previous cycle, meaning that the women's tournament is still held in the same year as the FIFA World Cup.

In 2009 FIBA announced three new tournaments: two 12-team U-17 World Championships (one each for men and women) to be played in July 2010, and an eight-team FIBA World Club Championship to be launched in October 2010.

The newest worldwide FIBA tournaments for national teams are in the three-player halfcourt variation, 3x3. The FIBA 3x3 U-18 World Championships were inaugurated in 2011, and the FIBA 3x3 World Championships for senior teams followed a year later. The championships initially included separate tournaments for men's, women's, and mixed teams, but mixed championships are no longer held. The U-18 championships, held annually, feature 32 teams in each individual tournament. The senior championships have 24 teams in each individual tournament, and are held in even-numbered years.

History

File:FIBALogoOld.png

Old FIBA logo.

File:World Map FIBA.svg

FIBA divides the world into 5 commissions, each roughly based on a continent.

File:FIBA headquarter.JPG

FIBA in Mies.

The association was founded in Geneva in 1932, two years after the sport was officially recognized by the IOC. Its original name was Fédération Internationale de Basketball Amateur. Eight nations were founding members: Argentina, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Portugal, Romania, and Switzerland. During the 1936 Summer Olympics held in Berlin, the Federation named James Naismith (1861–1939), the founder of basketball, as its Honorary President.

FIBA has organized a World Championship, now known as World Cup, for men since 1950 and a World Championship for Women since 1953. Through 2014, both events are now held every four years, alternating with the Olympics. As noted above, the World Cup will be moved to a new four-year cycle, with tournaments in the year before the Summer Olympics, after 2014.

In 1989, FIBA opened the door to Olympic participation by professionals such as players from the NBA in the United States. At this point, the Fédération Internationale de Basketball Amateur became the Fédération Internationale de Basketball, but retained FIBA as an abbreviation.

The Federation headquarters moved to Munich in 1956, then returned to Geneva in 2002. Patrick Baumann is the Secretary General of FIBA.

In 1991 it founded FIBA Hall of Fame, the first induction ceremony was held on 12 September 2007 during EuroBasket 2007.

Presidents

  • 1932–1948: Flag of Switzerland.png Leon Bouffard
  • 1932-1939: Flag of Canada.png James A. Naismith (honourary)
  • 1948–1960: Flag of the United States.png Willard Greim
  • 1960–1968: Flag of Brazil.png Antonio dos Reis Carneiro
  • 1968–1976: Template:Flagicon:Egypt 1972 Abdel Moneim Wahby
  • 1976–1984: Philippines Flag.png Gonzalo Puyat II
  • 1984–1990: Flag of France.png Robert Busnel
  • 1990–1998: Flag of the United States.png George E. Killian
  • 1998–2002: Senegal Flag.png Abdoulaye Seye Moreau
  • 2002–2006: Hong Kong Flag.png Dr. Carl Men Ky Ching (程万琦)
  • 2006–2010: Flag of Australia.png Bob Elphinston
  • 2010–2014: Flag of France.png Yvan Mainini (ran unopposed)

Secretaries General

  • 1932–1976: Flag of the United Kingdom.png Renato William Jones
  • 1976–1995: Template:Country data SFR YugoslaviaTemplate:Namespace detect showall Flag of Serbia.png Borislav Stanković
  • 1995–present: Flag of Switzerland.png Patrick Baumann

Tournaments

Current champions:

National teams

Tournament Men Women Men's U-19 Women's U-19 Men's U-17 Women's U-17
World Cup Template:Flaglink/core Template:Bkw Template:Country data Lithuania Template:Bkw Template:Flaglink/core Template:Bkw
Olympics Template:Flaglink/core Template:Bkw N/A
Commission Men Women Men's U-18 Women's U-18 Men's U-16 Women's U-16
FIBA Africa Template:Country data Tunisia Template:Bkw Template:Country data Senegal Template:Bkw Template:Country data Egypt Template:Bkw
FIBA Americas Template:Country data ARG Template:Bkw Template:Flaglink/core Template:Bkw Template:Flaglink/core Template:Bkw
FIBA Asia Template:Country data China Template:Bkw Template:Country data China Template:Bkw Template:Country data China Template:Bkw
FIBA Europe Template:Country data Spain Template:Bkw Template:Country data Croatia Template:Bkw Template:Country data Turkey Template:Bkw
FIBA Oceania Template:Country data Australia Template:Bkw Template:Country data Australia Template:Bkw Template:Country data Australia Template:Bkw
Commission Men's U-20 Women's U-20
FIBA Europe Template:Country data Lithuania Template:Bkw
  • FIBA no longer holds Under-21 World Championships and Under-20 Zone Championships, except in Europe.[1]

National 3x3 teams

Tournament Men Women Mixed Men's U-18 Women's U-18 U-18 Mixed
World Championships Flag of Serbia.png Serbia Flag of the United States.png USA Flag of France.png France Flag of Serbia.png Serbia Flag of the United States.png USA Flag of France.png France

Clubs

FIBA Tournament Men Women
World Club Championship Upcoming
Women's World League Defunct
FIBA Americas League Flag of Argentina.png Regatas Corrientes N/A
FIBA Asia Champions Cup Lebanon Flag.png Al Riyadi Beirut N/A
FIBA Africa Champions Cup Flag of Angola.png Primeiro de Agosto Mozambique Flag.png Liga Desportiva
EuroChallenge Russia Flag.png Krasnye Krylia Samara N/A
European SuperCup N/A Russia Flag.png Spartak Moscow
Tournament Men Women
NBA/WNBA Flag of the United States.png Miami Heat Flag of the United States.png Indiana Fever
APBL Flag of the United States.png Tulsa Rockets
Euroleague/EuroLeague Women Greece Flag.png Olympiacos Russia Flag.png UMMC Ekaterinburg
Eurocup/EuroCup Women Russia Flag.png Lokomotiv Kuban Russia Flag.png Dynamo Moscow
Liga Sudamericana Flag of Brazil.png UniCEUB/BRB N/A
Campeonato Sudamericano
de Clubes
Uruguay Flag.png Club Biguá de Villa Biarritz N/A
NBL/WNBL (Australasia) New Zealand Flag.png New Zealand Breakers Flag of Australia.png Bendigo Spirit

Note:

  • The men's Euroleague is totally controlled by the Euroleague Basketball company (originally known as ULEB). Eurocup Basketball, known as the ULEB Cup until the 2008–09 season, is jointly run by Euroleague Basketball and FIBA Europe, but only the two preliminary rounds of that competition are run by FIBA Europe. Both competitions, however, use FIBA's rule set. By contrast, both the EuroLeague Women and EuroCup Women, despite the similar names to the corresponding men's competitions, are completely controlled by FIBA Europe.
  • The Liga Sudamericana and the Campeonato Sudamericano de Clubes is operated by the South American Basketball Confederation, an affiliate of FIBA Americas.
  • The NBL and WNBL are separate organisations based in Australia. Both leagues, which use FIBA rules, have teams throughout Australia plus the New Zealand Breakers, a men's professional basketball team based in Auckland, New Zealand.
  • The Philippine Basketball Association based in the Philippines, is the oldest professional basketball league in Asia and the second oldest in the world after the National Basketball Association of the United States. (Note that in this context, "oldest" refers to the date that the league operated as fully professional. For example, many European leagues predate the PBA—the European Champions Cup, which evolved into the Euroleague, has existed since 1958, but the leagues that sent teams to the Champions Cup were nominally amateur until at least the 1970s, if not later.)

FIBA World Rankings

  • #1 men's team: Template:Flaglink/core
  • #1 women's team: Template:Bkw
  • #1 combined ranking: Flag of the United States.png United States

References

External links

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