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Israeli Basketball Super League
Israeli Basketball Super League
Country Israel
Founded 1954
Number of teams 11
Website [www.basket.co.il Official website]


Ligat HaAl (hebrew:ליגת העל, lit Super League), or the Israeli Basketball Super League, is the top tier of league basketball competition in Israeli basketball, making it Israel's primary basketball competition. For sponsorship reasons, the league is also referred to as Ligat Loto (Template:Lang-he), lit. Lottery League, with "Toto" being the name of a game operated by the league's primary sponsor, the Israeli Sports Betting Board.[1] The league is also sometimes referred to as the Israeli Premier League.

Overview[]

Ligat HaAl comprises the top ten basketball clubs in Israel, and was founded in 1954.

The league itself is most known in Europe due to the success of the Israeli teams in the European competitions such as the Euroleague, ULEB Eurocup (formerly ULEB Cup) and FIBA's EuroChallenge (formerly EuroCup). Many undrafted and free agent players from Europe and the NBA play in the Israeli league as an alternative to NBA competition.

The league is the first division in Israeli basketball: the two teams that finish last in a season are relegated to the Second Division, while the Second Division's top 8 teams compete in a play-off system right after the end of the regular season, with the teams that reach the final series being promoted to the Premier League for the following season. The four teams that finish the season on top in Ligat HaAl compete against each other for the Championship title in a "Final Four" tournament format.

Links with the NBA[]

During the 1980s and the early 1990s there were many basketball games between the Israeli League stars and NBA teams such as the Phoenix Suns, the Cleveland Cavaliers and the Orlando Magic, all of which were played in Israel.

In October 2005, Maccabi Tel Aviv defeated the Toronto Raptors 105–103 in an exhibition game that was played in Toronto, Canada; this was the first victory for any, European or Israeli team over an NBA team at its home court.

Over the years, the league has exported many of its foreign players to the NBA. In 2009, Omri Casspi became the first Israeli-born NBA player with the Sacramento Kings. Prior to that, three players have been drafted: Doron Sheffer (who played U.S. college basketball at Connecticut), Yotam Halperin and Lior Eliyahu.

In the 2009 NBA Draft, Omri Casspi was selected 23rd overall by the Sacramento Kings. Other players who have moved from the league to the NBA include Will Bynum, Anthony Parker, and Carlos Arroyo.[2]

High-profile American Jewish recruits[]

In 2011, the league had recently imposed a new limit of four non-Israelis per team.[3] Jews are immediately eligible for Israeli citizenship, under Israel's Law of Return.[4] Consequently, non-Israeli Jewish basketball players are able to join a team in the league without using up one of the few roster spots available for non-Israeli players.[5]

Examples of Jewish Americans joining teams in the league include Jon Scheyer, Jordan Farmar, Sylven Landesberg, David Blu, and Dan Grunfeld.[6]

Titles by team[]

Team Winners Runner-Up
Maccabi Tel Aviv 49 6
Hapoel Tel Aviv 5 20
Hapoel Galil Elyon/Hapoel Gilboa Galil Elyon 2 2
Hapoel Holon 1 2
Hapoel Ramat Gan 0 6
Hapoel Jerusalem 0 6
Ironi Ramat Gan 0 3
Hapoel Gvat/Yagur 0 3
Hapoel Haifa 0 2
Elitzur Netanya 0 1
Maccabi Rishon LeZion 0 1
Hapoel Eilat 0 1
Maccabi Ironi Ra'anana 0 1
Ironi Nahariya 0 1
Maccabi Haifa 0 1

League champions[]

Season Champion Runner-up Score Format
2010–11 Maccabi Tel Aviv Gilboa/Galil 91–64 Final four format
2009–10 Gilboa/Galil Maccabi Tel Aviv 90–77 Final four format
2008–09 Maccabi Tel Aviv Maccabi Haifa 85–72 Final four format
2007–08 Hapoel Holon Maccabi Tel Aviv 73–72 Final four format
2006–07 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Jerusalem 80–78 Final four format
2005–06 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Jerusalem 96–66 Final four format
2004–05 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv 3:0 Best of 5 series
2003–04 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv 3:0 Best of 5 series
2002–03 Maccabi Tel Aviv Ironi Naharia 3:0 Best of 5 series
2001–02 Maccabi Tel Aviv Ironi Ramat Gan 3:0 Best of 5 series
2000–01 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Jerusalem 3:0 Best of 5 series
1999–2000 Maccabi Tel Aviv Maccabi Ironi Ra'anana 3:1 Best of 5 series
1998–99 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Jerusalem 3:1 Best of 5 series
1997–98 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Eilat 3:0 Best of 5 series
1996–97 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Jerusalem 3:0 Best of 5 series
1995–96 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Jerusalem 3:0 Best of 5 series
1994–95 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Galil Elyon 3:0 Best of 5 series
1993–94 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv 3:0 Best of 5 series
1992–93 Hapoel Galil Elyon Hapoel Tel Aviv 3:1 Best of 5 series
1991–92 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv 3:2 Best of 5 series
1990–91 Maccabi Tel Aviv Maccabi Rishon LeZion 3:1 Best of 5 series
1989–90 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Galil Elyon 3:0 Best of 5 series
1988–89 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv 2:0 Best of 3 series
1987–88 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv 2:1 Best of 3 series
1986–87 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv 2:1 Best of 3 series
1985–86 Maccabi Tel Aviv Maccabi Elitzur Netanya 2:0 Best of 3 series
1984–85 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv 2:1 Best of 3 series
1983–84 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Ramat Gan 2:0 Best of 3 series
1982–83 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Ramat Gan 2:0 Best of 3 series
1981–82 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Ramat Gan Mini-league of top three teams from regular season
1980–81 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Ramat Gan Regular season only
1979–80 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv Regular season only
1978–79 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv 2:0 Best of 3 series
1977–78 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Gvat/Yagur Mini-league of top six teams from regular season
1976–77 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Ramat Gan Regular season only
1975–76 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Gvat/Yagur Regular season only
1974–75 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Ramat Gan Regular season only
1973–74 Maccabi Tel Aviv Ironi Ramat Gan Regular season only
1972–73 Maccabi Tel Aviv Ironi Ramat Gan Regular season only
1971–72 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Gvat/Yagur Regular season only
1970–71 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv Regular season only
1969–70 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv Regular season only
1968–69 Hapoel Tel Aviv Maccabi Tel Aviv Regular season only
1967–68 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv Regular season only
1966–67 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv Regular season only
1965–66 Hapoel Tel Aviv Maccabi Tel Aviv Regular season only
1964–65 Hapoel Tel Aviv Hapoel Haifa Regular season only
1963–64 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv Regular season only
1962–63 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv Regular season only
1961–62 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Haifa Regular season only
1960–61 Hapoel Tel Aviv Maccabi Tel Aviv Regular season only
1959–60 Hapoel Tel Aviv Maccabi Tel Aviv Regular season only
1958–59 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv Regular season only
1957–58 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv Regular season only
1956–57 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Tel Aviv Regular season only
1955–56 Cancelled due to war
1954–55 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Holon Regular season only
1953–54 Maccabi Tel Aviv Hapoel Holon Regular season only

See also[]

  • Israel Basketball Association
  • Israeli Basketball State Cup
  • League Cup
  • Liga Leumit

Notes and references[]

  1. "BSL Sponsors Template:He icon". Israeli Basketball Super League. http://www.basket.co.il/News.asp?id=2735. Retrieved October 25, 2010. 
  2. [1]
  3. [2]
  4. [3]
  5. [4]
  6. [5]

External links[]

International men's basketball
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