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Liga ACB
League information
Type Professional basketball
Country Flag of Spain Spain
Founded 1983
Inaugural 1983-1984 ACB season
Governing body Asociación de Clubes
de Baloncesto
No. of teams 18
FIBA group FIBA Europe
Championship information
Most recent Valencia Basket (1st)
Most Championships Real Madrid (33 titles)

The Liga ACB,Template:Efn known as Liga EndesaTemplate:Efn for sponsorship reasons, is the top professional basketball division of the Spanish basketball league system. Administrated by the Asociación de Clubs de Baloncesto (ACB), Liga ACB is contested by 18 teams, with the two lowest-placed teams relegated to the LEB Oro and replaced by the top team in that division plus the winner of the promotion playoffs.

The competition was founded as the ACB Primera División on 1983 following the decision of clubs in the Liga Nacional, founded in 1957, to break away from the Spanish Basketball Federation and professionalize the league. The league's accumulated revenues were worth around €30 million in 2020, with Endesa and Movistar Plus+ contributing 50% of the revenues of the league.[1][2] The league is a corporation where president Antonio Martín is responsible for its management, whilst the member clubs act as shareholders. Clubs were apportioned central payment revenues of €12 million in 2019–20.[3]

A total of 49 teams have competed in Liga ACB since its inception in 1983. Seven teams have been crowned champions, with FC Barcelona winning the title a record 16 times and Real Madrid 14 times, though Liga ACB also saw other champions, including Baskonia, Joventut Badalona, Bàsquet Manresa, Baloncesto Málaga and Valencia Basket.

Liga ACB is one of the most popular professional indoor sports leagues in the world, with an average attendance of 6,236 for league matches in the 2018–19 season. This is the ninth-highest of any domestic professional indoor sports league in the world and the fourth-highest of any professional basketball league in the world, behind the National Basketball Association, the EuroLeague, and the Women's National Basketball Association.

Other competitions[]

  • Spanish King's Cup
  • Spanish Supercup

Liga championship rules[]

Each team has to play all the other teams in its division twice, one at home and one away. This means that in Liga ACB the regular league ends after all teams play 34 matches.

Like many other leagues in continental Europe, the Liga ACB takes a winter break once each team has played half of its scheduled matches. One feature of the league that may be unusual to North American observers is that the two halves of the season are played in the same order—that is, the order of each team's first-half fixtures is repeated in the second half of the season. This is normal in Spanish sports; it is also used by La Liga in association football.

At the end of the league, the eight best teams start a play-off, playing the regular season champion with the 8th and so on. There are three rounds with five matches on each, and the winner of the final round is the champion of the ACB. This is similar to the NBA playoffs, but shorter.

Arena standards[]

Currently, ACB clubs must have home arenas that seat at least 5,000 people.

Spanish Championship (1957–1983)[]

Year Team Year Team
1957 Real Madrid 1971 Real Madrid
1958 Real Madrid 1972 Real Madrid
1959 FC Barcelona 1973 Real Madrid
1960 Real Madrid 1974 Real Madrid
1961 Real Madrid 1975 Real Madrid
1962 Real Madrid 1976 Real Madrid
1963 Real Madrid 1977 Real Madrid
1964 Real Madrid 1978 CB Joventut
1965 Real Madrid 1979 Real Madrid
1966 Real Madrid 1980 Real Madrid
1967 CB Joventut 1981 FC Barcelona
1968 Real Madrid 1982 Real Madrid
1969 Real Madrid 1983 FC Barcelona
1970 Real Madrid 1984 ::Liga ACB::

Titles[]

Team Championships
Real Madrid 22
FC Barcelona 3
Joventut Badalona 2

ACB Finals (1983–Present)[]

Season Champion Runner-up Result Finals MVP Champion's Coach
1983–84 Real Madrid FC Barcelona
2 – 1
N/A
Spain Lolo Sainz
1984–85 Real Madrid Joventut Badalona
2 – 1
N/A
Spain Lolo Sainz
1985–86 Real Madrid FC Barcelona
2 – 0
N/A
Spain Lolo Sainz
1986–87 FC Barcelona Joventut Badalona
3 – 1
N/A
Spain Aíto García Reneses
1987–88 FC Barcelona Real Madrid
3 – 2
N/A
Spain Aíto García Reneses
1988–89 FC Barcelona Real Madrid
3 – 2
N/A
Spain Aíto García Reneses
1989–90 FC Barcelona Joventut Badalona
3 – 0
N/A
Spain Aíto García Reneses
1990–91 Joventut Badalona FC Barcelona
3 – 1
United States of America Corny Thompson Spain Lolo Sainz
1991–92 Joventut Badalona Real Madrid
3 – 2
United States of America Mike Smith Spain Lolo Sainz
1992–93 Real Madrid Joventut Badalona
3 – 2
Template:Country data LTUTemplate:Namespace detect showall Arvydas Sabonis United States of America Clifford Luyk
1993–94 Real Madrid FC Barcelona
3 – 0
Template:Country data LTUTemplate:Namespace detect showall Arvydas Sabonis United States of America Clifford Luyk
1994–95 FC Barcelona CB Málaga
3 – 2
United States of America Michael Ansley Spain Aíto García Reneses
1995–96 FC Barcelona CB Sevilla
3 – 0
Spain Xavi Fernández Spain Aíto García Reneses
1996–97 FC Barcelona Real Madrid
3 – 2
Spain Roberto Dueñas Spain Aíto García Reneses
1997–98 Manresa Baskonia
3 – 1
Spain Joan Creus Spain Luis Casimiro
1998–99 FC Barcelona CB Sevilla
3 – 0
United States of America Derrick Alston Spain Aíto García Reneses
1999–00 Real Madrid FC Barcelona
3 – 2
Spain Alberto Angulo Italy Sergio Scariolo
2000–01 FC Barcelona Real Madrid
3 – 0
Spain Pau Gasol Spain Aíto García Reneses
2001–02 Baskonia CB Málaga
3 – 0
United States of America Elmer Bennett Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Duško Ivanović
2002–03 FC Barcelona Valencia BC
3 – 0
Template:Country data LTUTemplate:Namespace detect showall Šarūnas Jasikevičius Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Svetislav Pešić
2003–04 FC Barcelona Estudiantes
3 – 2
Template:Country data SCGTemplate:Namespace detect showall Dejan Bodiroga Template:Country data SCGTemplate:Namespace detect showall Svetislav Pešić
2004–05 Real Madrid Baskonia
3 – 2
United States of America Louis Bullock Template:Country data SCGTemplate:Namespace detect showall Božidar Maljković
2005–06 CB Málaga Baskonia
3 – 0
Spain Jorge Garbajosa Italy Sergio Scariolo
2006–07 Real Madrid FC Barcelona
3 – 1
Spain Felipe Reyes Spain Joan Plaza
2007–08 Baskonia FC Barcelona
3 – 0
United States of America Pete Mickeal Croatia Neven Spahija
2008–09 FC Barcelona Baskonia
3 – 1
Spain Juan Carlos Navarro Spain Xavier Pascual
2009–10 Baskonia FC Barcelona
3 – 0
Brazil Tiago Splitter File:Flag of Montenegro.png Duško Ivanović
2010–11 FC Barcelona Bilbao Basket
3 – 0
Spain Juan Carlos Navarro Spain Xavier Pascual

Finals appearances[]

Num Team W L
21 FC Barcelona 13 8
13 Real Madrid 8 5
7 Baskonia 3 4
5 Joventut Badalona 2 3
3 CB Málaga 1 2
2 CB Sevilla 0 2
1 Manresa 1 0
1 Valencia BC 0 1
1 Estudiantes 0 1
1 Bilbao Basket 0 1

Total league championships (Liga Nacional + ACB)[]

Team Championships
Real Madrid 30
FC Barcelona 16
Joventut Badalona 4
Baskonia 3
Manresa 1
CB Málaga 1

Current clubs[]

  • Assignia Manresa
  • Baloncesto Fuenlabrada
  • Bizkaia Bilbao Basket
  • Blancos de Rueda Valladolid
  • CAI Zaragoza
  • Caja Laboral Baskonia
  • Cajasol Banca Cívica
  • FIATC Mutua Joventut
  • Asefa Estudiantes
  • FC Barcelona Regal
  • Gran Canaria 2014
  • Lagun Aro GBC
  • CB Lucentum Alicante
  • Valencia BC
  • Real Madrid
  • Unicaja Málaga
  • UCAM Murcia
  • Obradoiro CAB

[]

  • CB Murcia
  • Obradoiro CAB

Relegated to League LEB[]

  • CB Granada
  • Menorca Bàsquet

Awards[]

  • ACB Most Valuable Player Award
  • ACB Rising Star Award

ACB records[]

  • Most Points in a Game
  • 54 by Epi, FC Barcelona vs. Joventut Massana on February 18, 1984
  • Most Field Goals Made in a Game
  • 25 by Essie Hollis, Arabatxo Baskonia at OAR Ferrol on February 5, 1984
  • Most Three Point Field Goals Made in a Game
  • 11 by Oscar Schmidt, Fórum Valladolid at CB Murcia on March 19, 1994
  • Most Free Throws Made in a Game
  • 29 by Jeff Lamp, Granada at Fórum Filatélico Valladolid on December 21, 1991
  • Most Rebounds in a Game
  • 29 by Clarence Kea, Juver Murcia vs. Dyc Breogán on December 21, 1991
  • Most Assists in a Game
  • 18 by Joaquim Costa, Valvi Girona vs. Puleva Baloncesto Granada on November 9, 1990
  • Most Steals in a Game
  • 13 by Lance Berwald, BBV Villalba at Caja Guipúzcoa on March 11, 1989
  • Most Blocks in a Game
  • Most Points in a Game
  • 147 – FC Barcelona defeated Cajabilbao 147-106 on January 31, 1987
  • Fewest Points in a Game
  • 39 – Lagun Aro GBC was defeated by Blancos de Rueda Valladolid 61-39 on April 25, 2010
  • Largest Margin of Victory in a Game
  • 55 – FC Barcelona defeated Breogán Caixa Galicia 82–137 on April 12, 1986
  • 55 – Real Madrid defeated Clesa Ferrol 116–61 on October 5, 1985
  • Victory with fewest points
  • 49 - Assignia Manresa defeated Meridiano Alicante 49-48 on March 6, 2011

Other competitions[]

  • Spanish King's Cup
  • Spanish Supercup

Notes[]

Template:Notelist

References[]

External links[]

Template:Commons category

Template:Liga ACB Template:Liga ACB venues Template:Basketball in Spain Template:Top sport leagues in Spain Template:Men's professional basketball leagues

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