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A territorial pick was a type of special draft choice used in the Basketball Association of America (BAA) Draft in 1949 and in the National Basketball Association (NBA) Draft after 1950, the year in which the BAA was renamed the NBA. In the draft, NBA teams took turns selecting amateur U.S. college basketball players. Territorial picks were eliminated when the draft system was revamped in 1966.[1][2]

In the first 20 years of the BAA/NBA, the league was still trying to gain the support of fans who lived in or near the team's home market. To achieve this, the league introduced the territorial pick rule to help teams acquire popular players from colleges in their area who would presumably have strong local support.[1] Before the draft, a team could forfeit its first-round draft pick and then select any player from within a 50-mile radius of its home arena.[2][3] Although the territorial picks were selected before the draft, these picks were not factored into the overall selection count of the draft; therefore, the first non-territorial pick of the draft was considered the first overall pick.[4]

Of the 22 territorial picks, 11 players have been inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame. Tom Heinsohn, Wilt Chamberlain and Jerry Lucas are the only three territorial picks who won the Rookie of the Year Award.[5] Chamberlain also won the Most Valuable Player Award in his rookie season. He went on to win the Most Valuable Player Award three more times in his career. Oscar Robertson is the only other territorial pick who has won the Most Valuable Player Award; he won it in the 1963–64 season.[6] The Philadelphia Warriors had the most territorial picks, having selected six who attended a total of five colleges. The University of Cincinnati had the most players taken as a territorial pick; three Cincinnati players were selected using this method by the Cincinnati Royals. The 1965 NBA Draft, the last draft in which the rule remained in effect, had the most territorial picks in a single draft with three. No territorial pick was selected in the 1954, 1957 and 1961 drafts.

Key[]

Pos. G F C
Position Guard Forward Center
^ Denotes player who has been inducted to the Basketball Hall of Fame
* Denotes player who has been selected for at least one All-Star Game and All-NBA Team
+ Denotes player who has been selected for at least one All-Star Game

List of territorial picks[]

File:Tommy 2008 Celtics.jpg

Tom Heinsohn was selected as the Boston Celtics' territorial pick in 1956.

File:Guy Rodgers.jpg

Guy Rodgers was selected as the Philadelphia Warriors' territorial pick in 1958.

File:Bill Bradley NYWTS.jpg

Bill Bradley (top) was selected as the New York Knicks' territorial pick in 1965.

 Draft Player  Pos. Nationality Team College (city) Ref.
1949 Macauley, EdEd Macauley^ F/C Flag of the United States United States St. Louis Bombers Saint Louis University (St. Louis, Missouri) [7]
1949 Mikkelsen, VernVern Mikkelsen^ F/C Flag of the United States United States Minneapolis Lakers Hamline University (Saint Paul, Minnesota) [7]
1950 Arizin, PaulPaul Arizin^ G/F Flag of the United States United States Philadelphia Warriors Villanova University (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) [8]
1951 Skoog, MyerMyer Skoog G Flag of the United States United States Minneapolis Lakers University of Minnesota (Minneapolis, Minnesota) [9]
1952 Mlkvy, BillBill Mlkvy F Flag of the United States United States Philadelphia Warriors Temple University (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) [10]
1953 Beck, ErnieErnie Beck G/F Flag of the United States United States Philadelphia Warriors University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) [11]
1953 Dukes, WalterWalter Dukes+ C Flag of the United States United States New York Knicks Seton Hall University (South Orange, New Jersey) [11]
1955 Garmaker, DickDick Garmaker G/F Flag of the United States United States Minneapolis Lakers University of Minnesota (Minneapolis, Minnesota) [12]
1955 Gola, TomTom Gola^ G/F Flag of the United States United States Philadelphia Warriors La Salle University (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) [12]
1956 Heinsohn, TomTom Heinsohn^ F/C Flag of the United States United States Boston Celtics College of the Holy Cross (Worcester, Massachusetts) [13]
1958 Rodgers, GuyGuy Rodgers+ G Flag of the United States United States Philadelphia Warriors Temple University (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) [14]
1959 Chamberlain, WiltWilt Chamberlain^ C Flag of the United States United States Philadelphia Warriors[a] University of Kansas (Lawrence, Kansas) [15]
1959 Bob Ferry F/C Flag of the United States United States St. Louis Hawks Saint Louis University (St. Louis, Missouri) [15]
1960 Robertson, OscarOscar Robertson^[b] G/F Flag of the United States United States Cincinnati Royals University of Cincinnati (Cincinnati, Ohio) [16]
1962 DeBusschere, DaveDave DeBusschere^ G/F Flag of the United States United States Detroit Pistons University of Detroit (Detroit, Michigan) [17]
1962 Lucas, JerryJerry Lucas^ F/C Flag of the United States United States Cincinnati Royals[c] Ohio State University (Columbus, Ohio) [17]
1963 Thacker, TomTom Thacker G/F Flag of the United States United States Cincinnati Royals University of Cincinnati (Cincinnati, Ohio) [18]
1964 Hazzard, WaltWalt Hazzard+[d] G Flag of the United States United States Los Angeles Lakers University of California (Los Angeles, California) [19]
1964 Wilson, GeorgeGeorge Wilson C Flag of the United States United States Cincinnati Royals University of Cincinnati (Cincinnati, Ohio) [19]
1965 Bradley, BillBill Bradley^ G/F Flag of the United States United States New York Knicks Princeton University (Princeton, New Jersey) [20]
1965 Buntin, BillBill Buntin F/C Flag of the United States United States Detroit Pistons University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, Michigan) [20]
1965 Goodrich, GailGail Goodrich^ G Flag of the United States United States Los Angeles Lakers University of California (Los Angeles, California) [20]

Notes[]

  • a Although Wilt Chamberlain was playing at the University of Kansas, outside the territory of any NBA team, he was selected as the Philadelphia Warriors' territorial pick. The Warriors argued that because Chamberlain had grown up in Philadelphia and played high school basketball at Overbrook High School in Philadelphia, they held his territorial rights. The NBA agreed with the argument, hence making him the first territorial pick based solely on his pre-college roots.[21]
  • b Although Oscar Robertson was drafted as a territorial pick, he was also recognized as the first pick in the first round of the draft as the Cincinnati Royals also held the first overall draft pick.[22][23]
  • c Although Jerry Lucas was playing at Ohio State University, outside the territory of the Cincinnati Royals, the Royals were the only NBA team in Ohio, so the NBA granted them the rights to pick Lucas as their territorial pick. Lucas also qualified under the same criterion as Chamberlain, as he grew up in Middletown, Ohio and played high school basketball at Middletown High School, which was within Cincinnati's territorial radius.[24]
  • d Walt Hazzard changed his name into Mahdi Abdul-Rahman in 1972.[25]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Evolution of the Draft and Lottery". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. http://www.nba.com/history/draft_evolution.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "How the NBA draft became a lottery". The Seattle Times. The Seattle Times Company. May 21, 2007. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/nba/2003715404_lotterytimeline21.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  3. "Lakers Select Baylor In NBA Draft Meeting". The Daily Collegian (Pennsylvania State University). April 23, 1958. http://digitalnewspapers.libraries.psu.edu/Default/Skins/BasicArch/Client.asp?Skin=BasicArch&&AppName=2&enter=true&BaseHref=DCG/1958/04/23&EntityId=Ar01102. Retrieved September 29, 2009. 
  4. "All-time top 30 draft picks by slot". Sports Illustrated. June 24, 2009. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2009/writers/ian_thomsen/06/21/best.picks/. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  5. "Rookie of the Year". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. http://www.nba.com/history/awards_rookieofyear.html. Retrieved October 2, 2009. 
  6. "Most Valuable Player". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. http://www.nba.com/history/awards_mvp.html. Retrieved March 16, 2009. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "1949 BAA Draft". basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.basketball-reference.com/draft/BAA_1949.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  8. "1950 NBA Draft". basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.basketball-reference.com/draft/NBA_1950.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  9. "1951 NBA Draft". basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.basketball-reference.com/draft/NBA_1951.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  10. "1952 NBA Draft". basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.basketball-reference.com/draft/NBA_1952.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 "1953 NBA Draft". basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.basketball-reference.com/draft/NBA_1953.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 "1955 NBA Draft". basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.basketball-reference.com/draft/NBA_1955.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  13. "1956 NBA Draft". basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.basketball-reference.com/draft/NBA_1956.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  14. "1958 NBA Draft". basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.basketball-reference.com/draft/NBA_1958.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 "1959 NBA Draft". basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.basketball-reference.com/draft/NBA_1959.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  16. "1960 NBA Draft". basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.basketball-reference.com/draft/NBA_1960.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 "1962 NBA Draft". basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.basketball-reference.com/draft/NBA_1962.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  18. "1963 NBA Draft". basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.basketball-reference.com/draft/NBA_1963.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  19. 19.0 19.1 "1964 NBA Draft". basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.basketball-reference.com/draft/NBA_1964.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 "1965 NBA Draft". basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. http://www.basketball-reference.com/draft/NBA_1965.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  21. "Wilt Chamberlain Bio". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. http://www.nba.com/history/players/chamberlain_bio.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  22. "Oscar Robertson Bio". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. http://www.nba.com/history/players/robertson_bio.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  23. Wise, Mike (June 29, 2000). "Clippers Go to High School to Get Miles". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. http://www.nytimes.com/2000/06/29/sports/pro-basketball-clippers-go-to-high-school-to-get-miles.html. Retrieved September 10, 2009. 
  24. Template:Cite book
  25. McCallum, Jack (April 16, 1984). "The March Of The Wooden Soldiers". Sports Illustrated. Time Warner Company. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/vault/article/magazine/MAG1121980/index.htm. Retrieved January 29, 2010. 
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