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Women's National Basketball Association
Women's National Basketball Association
Country United States
Founded April 22, 1996
Number of teams 12
Current champions Las Vegas Aces
(2nd title) (2023)
Website Official website

The Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) is an American professional basketball league.

It is composed of 12 teams, all based in the United States. The league was founded on April 22, 1996, as the women's counterpart to the National Basketball Association (NBA), and league play started in 1997. The regular season is played from May to September, with the All Star game being played midway through the season in July (except in Olympic years) and the WNBA Finals at the end of September until the beginning of October.

Five WNBA teams have direct NBA counterparts and normally play in the same arena: Indiana Fever, Los Angeles Sparks, Minnesota Lynx, New York Liberty, and Phoenix Mercury. The Atlanta Dream, Chicago Sky, Connecticut Sun, Dallas Wings, Las Vegas Aces, Seattle Storm, and Washington Mystics do not share an arena with a direct NBA counterpart, although four of the seven (the Dream, the Sky, the Wings, and the Mystics) share a market with an NBA counterpart, two (Mystics and Dream) play in NBA G League arenas, while the Storm shared an arena and market with an NBA team, the Seattle SuperSonics, at the time of its founding. The Dream, Sky, Sun, Wings, Aces, Sparks, and Storm are all independently owned. The Aces are owned by Mark Davis, who also owns the Las Vegas Raiders of the NFL.

History[]

"We Got Next" (1997)[]

Officially approved by the NBA Board of Governors on April 24, 1996, the creation of the WNBA was announced at a press conference with Rebecca Lobo, Lisa Leslie, and Sheryl Swoopes in attendance.

The league began with eight teams: the Charlotte Sting, Cleveland Rockers, Houston Comets and New York Liberty in the Eastern Conference; and the Los Angeles Sparks, Phoenix Mercury, Sacramento Monarchs and Utah Starzz in the Western Conference.

While not the first major women's professional basketball league in the United States (a distinction held by the defunct WBL), the WNBA is the only league to receive full backing of the NBA. The WNBA logo, "Logo Woman," paralleled the NBA logo and was selected out of 50 different designs.

The Houston Comets dynasty (1997–2000)[]

File:Sheryl Swoopes WNBA.jpg

Sheryl Swoopes, the first player signed (shown in 2008)

On the heels of a much-publicized gold medal run by the 1996 USA Basketball Women's National Team at the 1996 Summer Olympic Games, the WNBA began its first season on June 21, 1997 to little fanfare. The first WNBA game featured the New York Liberty facing the Los Angeles Sparks in Los Angeles. The game was televised nationally in the United States on the NBC television network. At the start of the 1997 season, the WNBA had television deals in place with NBC (NBA rights holder), and the Walt Disney Company and Hearst Corporation joint venture channels, ESPN and Lifetime Television Network, respectively. Penny Toler scored the league's first point.

The WNBA centered its marketing campaign, dubbed "We Got Next", around stars Rebecca Lobo, Lisa Leslie and Sheryl Swoopes. In the league's first season, Leslie's Los Angeles Sparks underperformed and Swoopes sat out much of the season due to her pregnancy. The WNBA's true star in 1997 was WNBA MVP Cynthia Cooper, Swoopes' teammate on the Houston Comets. The Comets defeated Lobo's New York Liberty in the first WNBA Championship game.

The initial "We Got Next" advertisement ran before each WNBA season until it was replaced with the "We Got Game" campaign.

Two teams were added in 1998 (Detroit and Washington) and two more in 1999 (Orlando and Minnesota), bringing the number of teams in the league up to twelve. The 1999 season began with a collective bargaining agreement between players and the league, marking the first collective bargaining agreement to be signed in the history of women's professional sports.

In 1999, the league's chief competition, the American Basketball League, folded. Many of the ABL's star players, including several Olympic gold medalists (such as Nikki McCray and Dawn Staley) and a number of standout college performers (including Kate Starbird and Jennifer Rizzotti), then joined the rosters of WNBA teams and, in so doing, enhanced the overall quality of play in the league. When a lockout resulted in an abbreviated NBA season, the WNBA saw faltering TV viewership.

By the 2000 season, the WNBA had doubled in size from its initial season. Four more teams were added for the 2000 season (the Indiana Fever, the Seattle Storm, the Miami Sol, and the Portland Fire).

On May 23, 2000, the Houston Comets became the first WNBA team to be invited to the White House Rose Garden. This was important to the WNBA's growth because before this invitation, only men's sports teams had traveled to the White House.

At the end of the 2000 season, the Houston Comets won their fourth championship, capturing every title since the league's inception. Led by the "Big Three" of Sheryl Swoopes, Tina Thompson, and four-time Finals MVP Cynthia Cooper, the Comets dominated every team in the league. Under head coach Van Chancellor, the team posted a 98–24 record through their first four seasons (16–3 in the Playoffs). After 2000, Cooper retired from the league and the Comets dynasty came to an end.

File:LisaLeslieDec10.jpg

Lisa Leslie of the Sparks

Lisa Leslie and the Los Angeles Sparks (2001–2002)[]

Going into the 2001 season, Houston faltered without Cooper and fell to fourth place in the conference by the end of the season. The top contender was the league's marquee team, the Los Angeles Sparks. The Sparks were predicted to win the earlier championships but the team could never get past the dominating Comets. Led by Lisa Leslie, the most dominating post player at the time, the Sparks posted an outstanding regular season record of 28–4. They advanced to their first ever WNBA Finals and swept the fourth-seeded Charlotte Sting from the Eastern Conference. Looking to repeat in 2002, the Sparks again made a strong run toward the postseason, going 25–7 in the regular season under head coach Michael Cooper, formerly of the Los Angeles Lakers. Again, Leslie dominated opponents throughout the Playoffs, leading the Sparks to a perfect 6–0 record through all three rounds, beating rival New York Liberty in the 2002 Finals.

Teams and the league were collectively owned by the NBA until the end of 2002, when the NBA sold WNBA teams either to their NBA counterparts in the same city or to a third party. This led to two teams moving; Utah to San Antonio and Orlando to Connecticut. With the move, the Sun became the first WNBA team to be owned by a third party instead of an NBA franchise. This sale of teams also led to two teams folding, the Miami Sol and Portland Fire, because new owners could not be found.

Bill Laimbeer leaves his mark on the WNBA (2003–2006)[]

After taking over a struggling franchise in 2002, former Detroit Pistons Bad Boy Bill Laimbeer had high hopes for the Detroit Shock in 2003. The team was just 9–23 in 2002, but Laimbeer predicted that the Shock would win the 2003 championship. Things started well for the Shock, who had three all-stars in the 2003 All-Star Game (Swin Cash, Cheryl Ford, and Deanna Nolan). Amazingly, Laimbeer orchestrated a rare worst-to-first turnaround and the Shock finished the season 25–9 in first place in the Eastern Conference. Winning the first two rounds of the Playoffs, the Shock had to face two-time champion Los Angeles Sparks and reigning Finals MVP Lisa Leslie in the 2003 Finals. The Shock beat the Sparks, winning game three on a clutch three-pointer by Deanna Nolan.

Bill Laimbeer

Bill Laimbeer

After the 2003 season, the Cleveland Rockers, one of the league's original eight teams, folded because the owners were unwilling to continue operating the franchise.

On October 21, 2004, Val Ackerman, the first WNBA president, announced her resignation, effective February 1, 2005, citing the desire to spend more time with her family. Ackerman later became president of USA Basketball.

On February 15, 2005, NBA Commissioner David Stern announced that Donna Orender, who had been serving as the Senior Vice President of the PGA Tour and who had played for several teams in the now-defunct Women's Pro Basketball League, would be Ackerman's successor as of April 2005.

The WNBA awarded its first real expansion team to Chicago (later named the Sky) in February 2006. In the off-season, a set of rule changes was approved that made the WNBA more like the NBA.

In 2006, the league became the first team-oriented women's professional sports league to exist for ten consecutive seasons. On the occasion of the tenth anniversary, the WNBA released its All-Decade Team, comprising the ten WNBA players deemed to have contributed, through on-court play and off-court activities, the most to women's basketball during the period of the league's existence.

After missing out on the Finals in 2004 and 2005, the Shock bounced back in 2006 behind newly acquired Katie Smith. Along with Smith, the Shock still had six remaining members from their 2003 Finals run (Cash, Ford, Holland-Corn, Nolan, Powell, and Riley). Head coach Laimbeer knew how difficult it was to get to the Finals a second time and the Shock were up for the challenge. They finished second in the Eastern Conference, but knocked off first-seeded Connecticut in the second round of the Playoffs. The Shock had to face reigning champion Sacramento Monarchs in a five game series. The Shock won game five on their home floor, again solidifying their power in the league.

Bringing "Paul Ball" to the WNBA (2007–2009)[]

File:Taurasi 07.25.07.JPG

Diana Taurasi of the Mercury

In December 2006, the Charlotte Bobcats organization announced it would no longer operate the Charlotte Sting. Soon after, the WNBA announced that the Sting would not operate for 2007. A dispersal draft was held January 8, 2007. Teams selected in inverse order of their 2006 records; Chicago received the first pick and selected Monique Currie.

Former Los Angeles Lakers championship coach Paul Westhead was named head coach of the Phoenix Mercury on October 11, 2005, bringing his up-tempo style of play to the WNBA. This fast-paced offense was perfect for his team, especially after the league shortened the shot clock from 30 seconds to 24 seconds in 2006. Much like the early Houston Comets championship teams, the Phoenix Mercury had risen to prominence led by their own "Big Three" of Cappie Pondexter, Diana Taurasi, and Penny Taylor.

The Mercury were well-suited for fast offense behind these three players. Phoenix averaged a league-record 88.97 points per game in 2007; teams could not keep up with the new style of play, and the Mercury were propelled into first place in the Western Conference. Facing the reigning champion Detroit Shock, the Mercury imposed their high-scoring offense with hopes of capturing their first title in franchise history. Averaging 93.2 points per game in the Finals series, the Mercury beat Detroit on their home floor in front of 22,076 fans in game five to claim their first ever WNBA title.

File:Parker against the Storm.png

Candace Parker of the Sparks

In October 2007 the WNBA awarded another expansion franchise to Atlanta. Atlanta businessman Ron Terwilliger was the original owner of the new team. Citizens of Atlanta were able to vote for their choices for the new team's nickname and colors. The Dream, as they were named, played their first regular season game on May 17, which was a 67-100 loss to the Connecticut Sun.

Paul Westhead resigned from the Mercury after capturing the 2007 title and Penny Taylor opted to stay home to prepare for the 2008 Summer Olympics, causing the Mercury to falter in 2008. The team posted a 16–18 record and became the first team in WNBA history to miss the Playoffs after winning the championship in the previous season. In their place, the Detroit Shock won their third championship under coach Bill Laimbeer, solidifying their place in WNBA history before Laimbeer resigned early in 2009, effectively ending the Shock dynasty.

Late in 2008, the WNBA took over ownership of one of the league's original franchises, the Houston Comets. The Comets ceased operations on December 1, 2008 after no owners for the franchise could be found.[1] A dispersal draft took place on December 8, 2008 and with the first pick, Sancho Lyttle was taken by the Atlanta Dream.

After an unsatisfying conclusion in 2008, the Mercury looked to bounce back to championship caliber. New head coach Corey Gaines implemented Paul Westhead's style of play, and the Mercury averaged 92.82 points per game throughout the 2009 season. Helped by the return of Penny Taylor, the Mercury once again locked up first place in the Western Conference and advanced to the 2009 Finals. The championship series was a battle of contrasting styles as the Mercury (number one league offense, 92.82 points per game) had to face the Indiana Fever (number three league defense, 73.55 points per game). The series went five games, including arguably one of the most thrilling games in WNBA history in game one of the series (Phoenix won in overtime, 120–116. The Mercury beat the Fever in game five, this time on their home court, to capture their second WNBA championship.

Not only did Paul Westhead's system influence his Mercury team, but it created a domino effect throughout the league. Young athletic players were capable of scoring more and playing at a faster pace. As a league, the 2010 average of 80.35 points per game was the best ever, far surpassing the 69.2 average in the league's inaugural season.

Changing of the guard (2010–present)[]

File:Sylvia Fowles WNBA.jpg

Sylvia Fowles of the Sky

On October 20, 2009 the WNBA announced that the Detroit Shock would relocate to Tulsa, Oklahoma; the team is called the Tulsa Shock[2] On November 20, 2009, the WNBA announced that the Sacramento Monarchs had folded due to lack of support from its current owners, the Maloof family, also the owners of the Sacramento Kings. The league announced it would seek new owners to relocate the team to the San Francisco Bay area; however, no ownership was found and a dispersal draft was held on December 14, 2009.

The 2010 season saw a tight race in the East, with three teams being tied for first place on the final day of the regular season. Five of the six teams in the East were in first place at some point during the season. The East held a .681 winning percentage over the West, its highest ever. In the 2010 Finals, two new teams represented each conference: the Seattle Storm and the Atlanta Dream. Seattle made their first finals appearance since winning it all in 2004 and Atlanta, coming into the playoffs as a four seed, impressively swept its opponents in the first two rounds to advance to the Finals in only the third year of the team's existence.

File:WNBA 15 year logo.jpg

Logo of the 15th season

After the 2010 season, President Orender announced she would be resigning from her position as of December 31. On April 21, 2011, NBA commissioner David Stern announced that former Girl Scouts of the USA Senior Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer Laurel J. Richie would assume duties as President on May 16, 2011.

The 2011 season began with strong publicity helped by the rising young stars of the league and the NBA lockout.[3] Many news outlets began covering the league more frequently. NBA TV, the television home of the NBA scheduled over 70 regular season games to be televised (along with a dozen more on ESPN2 and ABC). The new influx of young talent into the league gave many teams something to be excited about. Players like Candace Parker of the Sparks, Maya Moore of the Lynx, Angel McCoughtry of the Dream, Sylvia Fowles of the Sky, Tina Charles of the Sun, and Liz Cambage of the Shock brought a new level of excitement to the game, adding talent to the teams of young veterans such as Diana Taurasi (the first WNBA player to reach 10,000 points [4]) , Seimone Augustus and Cappie Pondexter. The level of play was getting better, as evidenced by higher scoring, better defense, and higher shooting percentages. Fans responded to the new stars in the league; by the end of the 2011 regular season, nine of the twelve teams in the league had increased attendance over their 2010 averages.[5]

The new influx of talented young players showed that the league's longevity gave young girls something to aspire to. Rookies coming into the league had the luxury of growing up watching veterans like Cynthia Cooper, Lisa Leslie and Teresa Weatherspoon. For the first time ever, young girls could now look at the WNBA as an opportunity for basketball to continue after college.

The new players delivered in 2011. Connecticut Sun center Tina Charles set a league record for double-doubles in a season with 23. Also, Sylvia Fowles of the Chicago Sky became only the second player in WNBA history to finish a season averaging at least 20 points (20.0ppg) and 10 rebounds (10.2rpg) per game. The San Antonio Silver Stars experienced boosts from their young players as well; rookie Danielle Adams scored 32 points off the bench in June and fellow rookie Danielle Robinson had a 36-point game in September. Atlanta Dream forward Angel McCoughtry was the first player in league history to average over 20 points per game (21.6ppg) while playing under 30 minutes per game (27.9mpg).

McCoughtry led her team to the Finals for the second straight year, but despite breaking her own Finals scoring record, the Dream was swept for the second straight year, this time by the Minnesota Lynx, which won its first title behind a fully healthy Seimone Augustus.

Other developments[]

Template:WNBA labeled map The WNBA Players Association threatened to strike in 2003 if a new deal was not worked out between players and the league. The result was a delay in the start of the 2003 preseason. The 2003 WNBA Draft was also delayed and negative publicity was gained from this strike.[6]

In 2007, the WNBA and ESPN came to an 8-year television agreement. The agreement would be the first to pay television rights fees to the league's teams. Never before has an agreement promised rights fees to a women's professional league. The agreement runs from 2009 to 2016 and is worth millions of dollars.[7]

During the 2008 regular season, the first ever outdoor professional basketball game in North America was played at Arthur Ashe Stadium in New York between the New York Liberty and the Indiana Fever in front of over 19,000 fans. The Fever won the game 71-55.

Prior to the 2009 season, the maximum team roster size was changed from 13 players (11 active and 2 inactive) to 11 players (all active). Any team that falls below nine players able to play due to injury or any other factor outside of the control of the team will, upon request, be granted a roster hardship exception allowing the team to sign an additional player or players so that the team will have nine players able to play in an upcoming game or games. As soon as the injured (or otherwise sidelined) player(s) is able to play, the roster hardship player(s)—not any other player on the roster—must be waived.

Before the start of the 2011 season, every team announced a new look for their uniforms. The supplier of the uniforms for the league, Adidas, upgraded all teams to new high-tech designs, much like they did for the NBA prior to the start of their season.

The 2011 NBA Lockout began on July 1, 2011. Unlike the previous lockout, which affected the WNBA, president Laurel J. Richie confirmed that this lockout would have no effect on the WNBA. If the NBA season was shortened or canceled, the 2012 WNBA season (including the WNBA teams still owned by NBA owners) would run as planned.

International influence[]

A number of international players have played in the WNBA, such as:

  • Russia Svetlana Abrosimova, Russia – won a championship with the Storm in 2010
  • Russia Elena Baranova, Russia – the first international player in the WNBA (1997), one-time All-Star (2001).
  • Brazil Erika de Souza, Brazil – one-time All-Star (2009)
  • Brazil Iziane Castro Marques, Brazil – one-time All-Star (2010)
    File:Lauren Jackson 2a.JPG

    Lauren Jackson

  • Poland Margo Dydek, Poland – tallest woman to play in the WNBA at 7' 2" (2.18 m)
  • France Sandrine Gruda, France
  • Australia Lauren Jackson, Australia – two-time champion (2004, 2010), three-time MVP and eight-time All-Star
  • Latvia Anete Jēkabsone-Žogota, Latvia
  • Template:Country data BelarusTemplate:Namespace detect showall Yelena Leuchanka, Belarus
  • Template:Country data Democratic Republic of the CongoTemplate:Namespace detect showall Mwadi Mabika, Democratic Republic of the Congo – won championships with the Sparks in 2001 and 2002
  • Mali Hamchétou Maïga-Ba, Mali – won a championship with the Monarchs in 2005
  • Greece Evanthia Maltsi, Greece
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Razija Mujanovic, Yugoslavia
  • Czech Republic Eva Němcová, Czech Republic
  • Template:Country data PortugalTemplate:Namespace detect showall Ticha Penicheiro, Portugal – won a championship with the Monarchs in 2005 and four-time All-Star
  • Italy Kathrin Ress, Italy
  • Australia Penny Taylor, Australia – two-time champion (2007, 2009) and four-time All-Star
  • Canada Tammy Sutton-Brown, Canada – two-time All-Star
  • Spain Amaya Valdemoro, Spain
  • Belgium Ann Wauters, Belgium
  • Template:Country data Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesTemplate:Namespace detect showall Sophia Young, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines – four-time All-Star
  • China Haixia Zheng, China

Note that some of these players, among them Abrosimova, Leuchanka, Maïga-Ba, Penicheiro, Sutton-Brown, and Young, played U.S. college basketball.

Milestones[]

Teams[]

The WNBA originated with 8 teams in 1997, and through a sequence of expansions, contractions, and relocations currently consists of 12 teams. There have been a total of 18 franchises in WNBA history. Several WNBA teams are associated with the NBA team from the same market and are known as sister teams. These teams include the Brooklyn Nets and New York Liberty, the Indiana Pacers and Fever, the Los Angeles Lakers and Sparks, the Minnesota Timberwolves and Lynx, the Phoenix Suns and Mercury, and the Washington Wizards and Mystics. Of these teams, only the Sparks are owned separately from their NBA counterparts. For most of their existence, the Liberty was owned by the New York Knicks, but the Liberty was bought in January 2019 by Joseph Tsai, who then owned 49% of the Nets and is now sole owner of that team.

Though located in the same market, the Chicago Sky is not affiliated with the Bulls, as evidenced by the home arenas where they play (the Sky plays at Wintrust Arena on Chicago's Near South Side, as opposed to the Bulls playing at United Center on the city's Near West Side). Similarly, the Dallas Wings are not affiliated with the Dallas Mavericks; the Mavericks play at American Airlines Center in downtown Dallas while the Wings play at College Park Center in suburban Arlington. Even though the Atlanta Dream shared an arena with the Atlanta Hawks for much of the former team's existence, the Hawks never held an ownership stake in the Dream.

The now defunct Charlotte Sting, Miami Sol, Portland Fire, Cleveland Rockers, Orlando Miracle, Houston Comets and Sacramento Monarchs were also sister teams of the Hornets, Heat, Trail Blazers, Cavaliers, Magic, Rockets and Kings, respectively. The Detroit Shock was the sister team of the Pistons until the teams' owner sold the Shock to investors who moved the team to Tulsa, Oklahoma. During their stint in Tulsa, the team was never affiliated with Oklahoma's NBA team, the Thunder. The Shock were later sold and relocated to the Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex as the Dallas Wings; as noted above, they are not affiliated with the Mavericks. Another team that has gone through two relocations, the Las Vegas Aces, was affiliated with an NBA team for most of its history. The Aces began as the Utah Starzz, owned by the Utah Jazz. The Starzz were sold to the owners of the San Antonio Spurs, who relocated the team to that city as the San Antonio Silver Stars, later changing that team's name to San Antonio Stars. After the 2017 season, the Spurs sold the Stars to MGM Resorts International, which relocated the team again to become the Las Vegas Aces. The Seattle Storm was the sister team of the now relocated SuperSonics.

Five teams currently share markets with NBA G League teams. Two of these teams share arenas—the Dream with the College Park Skyhawks, and the Mystics with the Capital City Go-Go. The Sparks share the Los Angeles market with the Ontario Clippers and South Bay Lakers; the Wings share the Dallas–Fort Worth market with the Texas Legends; and the Liberty share the New York market with the Long Island Nets and Westchester Knicks. Two other G League teams are within 150 miles of a WNBA team, with the Delaware Blue Coats and Fort Wayne Mad Ants being near the Mystics and Fever respectively. The Stars were also within 150 miles of a G League team (the Austin Spurs) before their move to Las Vegas. During their tenure as the Tulsa Shock, the Aces shared Tulsa with the Thunder's affiliates, the Tulsa 66ers, before the G League team relocated to become the Oklahoma City Blue, while the Mercury were near the Northern Arizona Suns before the Suns relocated to become the Motor City Cruise.

As of the 2023 WNBA season, the Las Vegas Aces (formerly Utah Starzz and San Antonio (Silver) Stars), Los Angeles Sparks, New York Liberty, and Phoenix Mercury are the only remaining franchises that were founded in 1997.

Arenas reflect those planned for use in the WNBA's next season in 2023.


Former teams[]

Potential additions[]

In 2007, investors took steps to re-create the Colorado Chill, a previously successful franchise in the now-defunct NWBL, as a WNBA expansion team. In September 2007, Chill backers announced that they had not raised enough money to join the WNBA for the 2008 season.

In August 2008, Norm Freedman, whose history with basketball dates back about 35 years, headed a group of investors interested in bringing a WNBA franchise to play out of the Ricoh Coliseum in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. "The prospects are better than 50%," Freedman said. "The WNBA is quite positive, and so am I, that a team in Toronto will do well." [8]

In 2008, news surfaced that the WNBA was focusing on Nashville, Tennessee as a possible site for expansion. Former President Donna Orender claimed that "Tennessee is so logical" referring to the success of women's college basketball in that area.[9]

The city of Baltimore, Maryland may see a WNBA team in the future. Baltimore Mayor Sheila Dixon announced that the WNBA said Baltimore may be a location for a WNBA expansion team if a new arena is built in the city.[10]

Former President Orender announced that the league would attempt to secure ownership for a team in the San Francisco Bay Area in the near future.[11]

The WNBA Draft[]

Every spring, the WNBA Draft is held, currently in New York City. The draft has had multiple locations in the past, and in 2020 and 2021, the draft was held virtually doe to COVID-19 concerns. The draft is currently three rounds long with each of the 12 teams in the league (trades aside) getting three picks each. Draft order for teams that made the playoffs the previous year are based on team records. The team with the highest previous record will pick last. Since eight teams qualify for playoffs, the bottom eight picks are determined by this method. For the remaining top four picks, a selection process similar to the NBA Draft Lottery is conducted for the four teams that did not qualify for the playoffs.

Regular season[]

Following the winter break, teams hold training camps in May. Training camps allow the coaching staff to evaluate players (especially rookies), scout the team's strengths and weaknesses, prepare the players for the rigorous regular season, and determine the 11-woman roster with which they will begin the regular season. After training camp, a series of preseason exhibition games are held. The WNBA regular season begins in May.

The regular season will expand to 40 games in the league's next season in 2023. As in the NBA, each team hosts and visits every other team at least once every season.

WNBA All-Star Game[]

In July, the regular season pauses to celebrate the annual WNBA All-Star Game. The game is part of a weekend-long event, held in a selected WNBA city each year. The actual game is played on the selected WNBA team's home court. The All-Star Game features star players from the Western Conference facing star players from the Eastern Conference. During the season, fans get to vote for the players they would like to see start the game. In 2004, The Game at Radio City was in held in place of a traditional All-Star Game. The 2006 All-Star Game was the first game to feature custom uniforms that match the decade anniversary logo. Due to the Olympics, there was no WNBA All-Star Game in 2008. In 2010, an exhibition game (Stars at the Sun) was held. No All-Star Game was held in an Olympic year between 2000 and 2021. In 2020, no All-Star Game was scheduled, but the 2020 Olympics were ultimately not held in that year due to COVID-19 issues. The 2020 Olympics were rescheduled for 2021; the All-Star Game was played in that year, featuring a WNBA all-star team taking on the U.S. national team.

Shortly after the All-Star break is the trading deadline. After this date, teams are not allowed to exchange players with each other for the remainder of the season, although they may still sign and release players. Major trades are often completed right before the trading deadline, making that day a hectic time for general managers.

Awards[]

Around the beginning of September, the regular season ends. It is during this time that voting begins for individual awards. The Sixth Player of the Year Award (known before 2021 as the "Sixth Woman" award) is given to the best player coming off the bench (must have more games coming off the bench than actual games started). The Rookie of the Year Award is awarded to the most outstanding first-year player. The Most Improved Player Award is awarded to the player who is deemed to have shown the most improvement from the previous season. The Defensive Player of the Year Award is awarded to the league's best defender. The Kim Perrot Sportsmanship Award is awarded to the player who shows the outstanding sportsmanship on and off the court. The Coach of the Year Award is awarded to the coach that has made the most positive difference to a team. The Most Valuable Player Award is given to player deemed the most valuable for (her team) that season. The Executive of the Year Award was first presented in 2017 to the team executive most instrumental in his or her team's success in that season

Also named are the All-WNBA Teams, the All-Defensive Teams, and the All-Rookie Team; each consists of five players. There are two All-WNBA teams, consisting of the top five players regardless of position, with first-team status being the most desirable. There are two All-Defensive teams, consisting of the top defenders at each position. There is one All-Rookie team, consisting of the top first-year players regardless of position.

Most recent award winners[]

All listed award winners are from the 2022 season.

Notes:

  • Except for the Executive of the Year award, all votes in the above table are first-place votes, even though all awards except for the statistically based Peak Performer Awards are based on total points received in voting.
  • James Wade was named on all 11 ballots for the Executive of the Year award, with no other executive being named on more than 7. However, all ballots had votes for first, second, and third place, and the WNBA did not provide a detailed voting breakdown.

Olympic-year seasons[]

During years in which the Summer Olympics are held, the WNBA takes a month off in the middle of the season to allow players to practice and compete with their respective national teams. The most recent example was for the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, delayed to 2021 due to COVID-19. The 2021 regular season ran from May 14 to September 19, with the Olympic break from July 12 to August 11. The WNBA Playoffs and WNBA Finals led into October.

FIBA World Cup seasons[]

In years of the FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, the WNBA will either take a break for the World Cup or end its season early, depending on World Cup scheduling. The latter option was chosen for the most recent World Cup in 2022, with the regular season compressed to a May 6–August 14 schedule and the Finals ending no later than September 20. (The 2022 Finals ultimately ended on September 18.)

The WNBA Playoffs[]

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The WNBA Playoffs usually begin in late September, although in years in which the FIBA World Cup is held, they start in August. Since 2016, the teams with the eight best records, without regard to conference alignment, qualify for the playoffs. In all playoff matchups, the team with the better record has home court advantage.

The current format, adopted in 2022, returned to an all-series playoff, which had last been used in 2015. The first round consists of best-of-three series, bracketed in the standard format (1 vs. 8, 2 vs. 7, 3 vs. 6, and 4 vs. 5). These series follow a 2–1 pattern, with the higher seed hosting the first two games and the third (if necessary) hosted by the lower seed. The playoffs are not reseeded after the first round; the 1–8 winner plays the 4–5 winner, and the 2–7 winner plays the 3–6 winner.

The semifinals are best-of-five series following a 2–2–1 pattern, meaning that the higher seed will have home court in the first two games plus game 5 if necessary, while the lower seed will have home court in games 3 and (if necessary) 4. Home-court advantage for the WNBA Finals goes to the top surviving seed.

The WNBA Finals[]

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The final playoff round, a best-of-five series between the last two playoff survivors, is known as the WNBA Finals, and is held annually, currently scheduled for October. Each player on the winning team receives a championship ring. In addition, the league awards a WNBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award. Like the semifinals, the Finals follow a 2–2–1 pattern, which has been in place for the Finals since 2005.

The WNBA Finals

Players and coaches[]

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File:WNBA Sue Bird cropped.jpg

Sue Bird, a member of the All-Decade and Top 15 teams

In 2011, a decade and a half after the launch of the WNBA, only two players remained from the league's inaugural season in 1997: Sheryl Swoopes and Tina Thompson. Thompson was the last player from the league's first season when she retired in 2013. Lisa Leslie was the longest-tenured player from the 1997 draft class; she spent her entire career (1997–2009) with the Los Angeles Sparks. Sue Bird holds the records for most seasons in the league (19) and most regular-season games played (580).

The members of the WNBA's All-Decade Team were chosen in 2006 on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the WNBA from amongst 30 nominees compiled by fan, media, coach, and player voting. The team was to comprise the 10 best and most influential players of the first decade of the WNBA, with consideration also given to sportsmanship, community service, leadership, and contribution to the growth of women's basketball.

Players for the WNBA's Top 15 Team were chosen in 2011 on the anniversary of the league's fifteenth season from amongst 30 nominees compiled in a similar manner to that of the All-Decade Team process. A similar process was used to select the WNBA Top 20@20 for the league's 20th season in 2016, and The W25 for the league's 25th season in 2021.

Over 30 players have scored more than 3,000 points or more in their WNBA careers. Only nine WNBA players have reached the 6,000 point milestone: Diana Taurasi, Tina Thompson, Tamika Catchings, Cappie Pondexter, Katie Smith, Lisa Leslie, Sue Bird, Candice Dupree, and Lauren Jackson .

In 2007, Paul Westhead of the Phoenix Mercury became the first person to earn both NBA and WNBA championship rings as a coach.

In 2008, 50-year-old Nancy Lieberman became the oldest player to play in a WNBA game. She signed a seven-day contract with the Detroit Shock and played one game, tallying two assists and two turnovers in nine minutes of action. She broke the previous record (39 years old) which was set by herself in 1997 before she retired. The oldest player to participate in a full WNBA season was Bird, who retired at the end of the 2022 season, less than two months before her 42nd birthday.

Rules and regulations[]

Rules are governed by standard basketball rules as defined by the NBA, with a few notable exceptions:

  • The three-point line is 22 feet 1.75 inches (6.75 m) from the middle of the basket, with a distance of 22 feet (6.71 m) in the corners. The main arc is the same distance currently used under FIBA and NCAA rules. The WNBA corner distance, as measured from the center of the basket, is the same as that used in the NBA; the FIBA and NCAA distance is 4 in (10.16 cm) shorter.
  • The regulation WNBA ball is a minimum 28.5 inches (72.4 cm) in circumference and weighs 20 ounces (570 g), 1.00 inch (2.54 cm) smaller and 2 ounces (57 g) lighter than the NBA ball. As of 2004, this size is used for all senior-level women's competitions worldwide in full-court basketball. Competitions in the FIBA-sanctioned half-court variant of 3x3 used the women's ball until 2015, when a dedicated ball with the circumference of the women's ball but the weight of the men's ball was introduced.
  • Quarters are 10 minutes in duration instead of 12.
  • There is no defensive 3-second rule.

Games are divided into four 10-minute quarters as opposed to the league's original two 20-minute halves of play, similar with FIBA rules (many WNBA players play in European or Asia–Pacific leagues, which all use the FIBA rule set).

A recent trend with new WNBA rules has been to match them with a similar NBA rule. Beginning with the 2006 WNBA season:[12]

  • The winner of the opening jump ball shall begin the 4th quarter with the ball out of bounds. The loser shall begin with the ball out of bounds in the second and third quarter. Previously under the two-half format, both periods started with jump balls, presumably to eliminate the possibility of a team purposely losing the opening tip in order to gain the opening possession of the second half. This is not a problem under the four-quarters because the winner of the opening tip gets the opening possession of the final period.
  • The shot clock was decreased from 30 to 24 seconds. The rule changes signaled a move away from rules more similar to those of college basketball and toward those that provide a more NBA-like game. FIBA also uses a 24-second clock.

The 2007 WNBA season brought changes that included:[13]

  • The amount of time that a team must move the ball across the half-court line went from 10 to 8 seconds.
  • A referee can grant time-outs to either a player or the coach.
  • Two free throws and possession of the ball for clear-path-to-the-basket foul. Previously only one free throw was awarded as well as possession.

Court dimensions[]

Business[]

WNBA Presidents and Commissioners[]

The title of the WNBA's chief executive was "President" until 2019, when Cathy Engelbert became the league's first "Commissioner".

  • Val Ackerman, 1997–2005
  • Donna Orender, 2005–2010
  • Chris Granger, 2011 (interim)
  • Laurel J. Richie, 2011–2015
  • Lisa Borders, 2015–2018
  • Mark Tatum, 2018–2019 (interim)
  • Cathy Engelbert, 2019–present

Marquee sponsorships[]

On June 1, 2009, the Phoenix Mercury was the first team in WNBA history to announce a marquee sponsorship. The team secured a partnership with LifeLock to brand their jerseys and warm-ups.[14] It was the first branded jersey in WNBA history.

Other teams eventually followed in the Mercury's footsteps to bring the total to five teams with sponsorship deals:

On August 22, 2011, the WNBA announced a league-wide marquee sponsorship with Boost Mobile.[15] The deal would allow the Boost Mobile logo to be placed on ten of the 12 teams' jerseys (excluding Phoenix and San Antonio) in addition to branding on the courts and in arenas. A source said the deal is a "multiyear, eight-figure deal." [16]

Finance[]

So far the WNBA has not mirrored the monetary success of the NBA, though it targets profitability. While some teams do make a profit (and others break even), most of the teams in the WNBA lose money each season. Losses are subsidized by the NBA; in 2003, news surfaced that the NBA spent up to $12 million a year to help pay for the WNBA losses. In 2007, teams were estimated to be losing $1.5 million to $2 million a year.[17]

However, in a March 12, 2009 article, NBA commissioner David Stern said that in the bad economy, "the NBA is far less profitable than the WNBA. We're losing a lot of money amongst a large number of teams. We're budgeting the WNBA to break even this year." [18]

Salary caps[]

In 2008, a new six-year collective bargaining agreement was agreed upon between the players and the league. The salary cap for an entire team in 2010 is $827,000 (although it was later lowered to $775,000). By 2013 (the sixth year under this agreement), the cap for an entire team will be $900,000. In 2010, the minimum salary for a player with three-plus years of experience is $51,000 while the maximum salary for a six-plus year player is $101,500 (the first time in league history that players are able to receive over $100,000). The minimum salary for rookies is $35,190.[19][20] Many WNBA players supplement their salaries by playing in European or Australian women's basketball leagues during the WNBA off-season.

Bonuses[]

For certain achievements, WNBA players are awarded bonuses. The following is a list of some of the bonuses given by the league (amount is per player):[21]

  • WNBA champion: $10,500
  • Runner-up: $5,250
  • Most valuable player: $15,000
  • Rookie of the year: $5,000
  • All-WNBA First Team member: $10,000
  • All-Star Game participant: $2,500

Merchandise[]

The following shows the top jersey sales during the 2020 regular season, based on sales through the WNBA's official online store. Three players made their top-10 debuts this season—rookies and college teammates Sabrina Ionescu and Satou Sabally, and 10-year veteran Courtney Vandersloot.[22]

Two of the players in the top 10, Maya Moore and Elena Delle Donne, did not play in the 2020 season. Ionescu suffered a season-ending ankle sprain in her third game of the season.

Attendance[]

Overall league attendance was about 7,950 people per game in 2011. Attendance has gone up and down but has generally decreased from about 10,000 in early years to about 8,000 in recent years. Attendance was at its peak in the league's second season (1998) at almost 11,000 fans per game, and the all time league average is 8,769 fans per game.[23]

Attendance

Media coverage[]

Currently, WNBA games are televised throughout the U.S. by ABC, ESPN2 and NBA TV. In the early years two women's-oriented networks, Lifetime and Oxygen, also broadcast games including the first game of the WNBA. NBC showed games from 1997 to 2002 as part of their NBA on NBC coverage before the league transferred the rights to ABC/ESPN.

In June 2007, the WNBA signed a contract extension with ESPN. The new television deal runs from 2009 to 2016. A minimum of 18 games will be broadcast on ABC, ESPN, and ESPN2 each season; the rights to broadcast the first regular season game and the All-Star game are held by ABC. Additionally, a minimum of 11 postseason games will be broadcast on any of the three stations.[24]

Along with this deal, came the first ever rights fees to be paid to a women's professional sports league. Over the eight years of the contract, "millions and millions of dollars" will be "dispersed to the league's teams." [7]

During the 2010 season, all telecasts were shown on ESPN and ESPN2, except for Game 1 of the WNBA Finals, which was on ABC. Game 4 was also set for ABC if it had been played.

In 2011, the opening day match-up between Phoenix and Seattle, as well as the All-Star Game, were shown on ABC.

Some teams offer games on local radio, while all teams have some games broadcast on local television stations:

WNBA LiveAccess[]

In 2009, the WNBA announced the launch of WNBA LiveAccess, a feature on WNBA.com that provides fans around the world with access to more than 200 live game webcasts throughout the WNBA season. All of the WNBA LiveAccess games are then archived for on-demand viewing. Every single game (except broadcasts on ABC, ESPN or ESPN2, which are available on ESPN3.com) is available via this system. The first use of LiveAccess was the E League versus Chicago Sky preseason game; the system worked as planned.[25]

Prior to the 2011 season, LiveAccess was given a complete overhaul. The system became more reliable and many new features were added. Some of these include the ability to pause or rewind, picture-in-picture, quad-screen, and manually changing the bitrate.

Viewership[]

On the 2008 season opening day (May 17), ABC broadcast the Los Angeles Sparks and Phoenix Mercury matchup to showcase new rookie sensation Candace Parker. The game received a little over 1 million viewers.

Ratings still remain poor in comparison to NBA games. In 2008, WNBA games averaged just 413,000 viewers, compared to 1.46 million viewers on ESPN and over 2.2 million on ABC for NBA games.[26]

All-Time franchise history[]

Template:WNBA Franchise History

See also[]

WNBA articles
  • List of WNBA seasons
  • WNBA Draft
  • WNBA All-Star Game
  • List of WNBA All-Stars
  • WNBA Playoffs
  • WNBA Finals
  • List of WNBA players
  • List of foreign WNBA players
  • List of WNBA head coaches
  • List of WNBA career scoring leaders
  • List of WNBA first overall draft choices
  • WNBA Awards
  • Best WNBA Player ESPY Award
  • List of WNBA Finals broadcasters
WNBA television partners
  • NBC (1997–2002)
  • Lifetime (1997–2000)
  • ESPN (1997–present)
  • ESPN2 (2001–present)
  • Oxygen (2002–2003)
  • ABC (2003–present)
  • NBA TV (2006–present)
Video games featuring WNBA players
  • NBA Street: Homecourt
  • NBA Live 09
Other WNBA-related articles
  • National Basketball Association
  • List of professional sports leagues
  • List of professional sports teams in the United States and Canada
  • List of attendance figures at domestic professional sports leagues
  • List of TV markets and major sports teams in the United States
  • Major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada
Other North American professional women's basketball leagues

References[]

  1. Comets To Cease Operations from ESPN.com
  2. "Shock makes move official". ESPN. October 20, 2009. http://sports.espn.go.com/wnba/news/story?id=4580057. Retrieved July 25, 2010. 
  3. Hurley, Michael (July 1, 2011). "NBA.com gets new lockout makeover". NESN.com. http://www.nesn.com/2011/07/nbacom-gets-new-lockout-makeover-bumps-up-wnba-coverage.html. Retrieved July 17, 2011. 
  4. https://sports-statistics.com/wnba/diana-taurasi-becomes-first-wnba-player-to-score-10k-career-points/
  5. "WNBA Attendance". WNBA. September 13, 2011. http://img17.imageshack.us/img17/5337/2011wnbaattendancepic.png. Retrieved September 13, 2011. 
  6. Sandomir, Richard (April 16, 2003). "W.N.B.A., Going on 7, Has Grown-Up Labor Dispute". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2003/04/16/sports/basketball/y16wnba.html. Retrieved May 13, 2011. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Evans, Jayda (July 16, 2007). "WNBA gets first TV rights fee". Seattle Times. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/sports/2003791039_wnbanotes16.html. Retrieved May 13, 2011. 
  8. Slam Sports - WNBA coming north?
  9. Porterfield, Katie (October 2008). "Getting the Ball Bouncing". Business TN. http://www.businesstn.com/content/200809/getting-ball-bouncing. Retrieved May 13, 2011. 
  10. Klingaman, Mike (July 12, 2008). "Opinions of city's WNBA viability vary". The Baltimore Sun. http://www.baltimoresun.com/sports/basketball/bal-sp.wnba12jul12,0,2394009.story. Retrieved May 13, 2011. 
  11. "Dispersal Draft of Sacramento Monarchs Players Set for Dec. 14". WNBA.com. December 8, 2009. http://www.wnba.com/news/monarchs_dispersal_draft_901208.html. Retrieved June 13, 2011. 
  12. "WNBA Announces Rule Changes for 2006". WNBA.com. December 6, 2005. http://www.wnba.com/news/rulechanges_051206.html. Retrieved June 13, 2011. 
  13. "WNBA Announces Rule Changes for 2007 Season". WNBA.com. January 30, 2007. http://www.wnba.com/news/newrules_release_070130.html. Retrieved June 13, 2011. 
  14. "Mercury, LifeLock Break New Ground with Partnership". June 1, 2009. http://www.wnba.com/mercury/news/lifelock_release_090601.html. Retrieved June 13, 2011. 
  15. "Boost Mobile and WNBA Form First-Ever Leaguewide Marquee Sponsorship". August 22, 2011. http://www.wnba.com/news/boost_partnership_110822.html. Retrieved August 22, 2011. 
  16. "WNBA lands Boost Mobile as top sponsor". August 22, 2011. http://www.sportsbusinessdaily.com/Journal/Issues/2011/08/22/Marketing-and-Sponsorship/WNBA-Boost.aspx. Retrieved August 22, 2011. 
  17. Lieber Steeg, Jill (June 12, 2007). "New owners stake claim in overhauling WNBA". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/basketball/wnba/2007-06-11-new-owners_N.htm. Retrieved June 13, 2011. 
  18. "NBA getting through tough times". Tvnz.co.nz. March 12, 2009. http://tvnz.co.nz/basketball-news/nba-getting-through-tough-times-2539976. Retrieved June 13, 2011. 
  19. WomensBasketballOnline.com: WNBA Salary Scale
  20. Women's National Basketball Association Collective Bargaining Agreement
  21. WNBA Salaries
  22. "Sue Bird and Seattle Storm Lead WNBA Jersey and Merchandise Sales". WNBA. October 2, 2020. https://www.wnba.com/news/sue-bird-and-seattle-storm-lead-wnba-jersey-and-merchandise-sales/. Retrieved October 4, 2020. 
  23. Callahan, Kim. "Season by Season WNBA Attendance", WomensBasketballOnline.com
  24. http://sports.espn.go.com/wnba/news/story?id=2937330 WNBA announces deal with ESPN
  25. "WNBA.com to Webcast More than 200 Games During 2009 WNBA Season". WNBA.com. May 13, 2009. http://www.wnba.com/news/wnba_liveaccess_090513.html. Retrieved June 13, 2011. 
  26. Zeigler Jr., Cyd (October 2, 2008). "WNBA Ratings up but Still Not Good". Outsports.com. http://outsports.com/jocktalkblog/2008/10/02/wnba-ratings-up-but-still-not-good/. Retrieved June 13, 2011. 

External links[]

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